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Chapter 1 Resources

Useful Web Sites and References for Healthy People 2010

Most materials related to Healthy People Initiatives can be accessed through the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) at 1-800-367-4725 and found online at *Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 or above is usually necessary to view and print most of the materials. If you don’t have this software, it can be downloaded from the Adobe Web site at: External Web Site Policy There is an extensive site map and numerous links. Some of the resources available include:

  • HP Toolkit 2010. A Field Guide to Health Planning. The HP 2010 Oral Health Toolkit uses many materials from this general toolkit.
  • A State Healthy People 2010 Tool Library includes numerous samples under the Toolkit categories from state plans and meetings. Examples include surveys, interview guides, reports, slides, technical assistance documents, marketing materials, etc.
  • Links to state Healthy People or state health plan Web sites
  • A list of state and territorial Healthy People contacts.
  • A slide show and fact sheets that provide an overview of HP 2010.
  • Healthy People in Healthy Communities. A Community Planning Guide Using Healthy People 2010 is a guide for building community coalitions, creating a vision, measuring results, and creating partnerships dedicated to improving the health of a community. It includes "Strategies for Success" to help in starting community activities.

Partnerships for a Healthy Workforce, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, is a group that seeks strengthened corporate involvement in Healthy People 2010. It provides tools that businesses can use to create a healthier workplace; offers a forum for business leaders, national organizations, and state and federal agencies to share best practices; and recognizes those companies that have shown leadership in its commitment to creating a healthy workplace. Information about this group can also be accessed via www.prevent.orgExternal Web Site Policy

Healthy Campus 2010: Making it Happen, by the American College Health Association, is a workbook to help campus health professionals develop health priorities for American campuses. The 110-page document includes 3 worksheets that help users assess which national health objectives are relevant, achievable and a priority for them. It uses data from the National College Health Assessment and CDC’s National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS). See the ACHA Web site at www.acha.orgExternal Web Site Policy

Community-Campus Partnerships for Health is a non-profit organization that fosters partnerships between communities and educational institutions that improve health professions education, civic responsibility and the overall health of communities. Look for a new resource, Advancing the Healthy People 2010 Objectives Through Community-Based Education: A Curriculum Planning Guide, for faculty in health professions schools and their community partners for service-learning opportunities. Information included in the guide will be relevant for courses and service-learning programs for dental and dental hygiene students, as well as other health professions students. See information about their program at Web Site Policy

USDHHS. Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: USDHHS, NIDCR, NIH. 2000. ( This is a comprehensive elaboration of the meaning of oral health and why it is essential to general health and well-being. It also covers how oral health is promoted, prevented, and maintained. The last section covers future needs and opportunities to enhance oral health.

USDHHS. A National Call To Action To Promote Oral Health. Rockville, MD: USDHHS, NIDCR, NIH. 2003. (The Call to Action is a follow up to Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General ( and is addressed to professional organizations and individuals concerned with oral health. The Call To Action is the product of a partnership of public and private organizations who have specified a vision, goals, and a series of actions to achieve the goals in order to accelerate the movement to enhance the oral and general health and well-being of all Americans.

Oral Health Terminology

Candidiasis (oral): Yeast or fungal infection that occurs in the oral cavity or pharynx or both.

Cleft lip or palate: A congenital opening or fissure occurring in the lip or palate.

Congenital anomaly: An unusual condition existing at, and usually before, birth.

Craniofacial: Pertaining to the head and face.

Dental caries (dental decay or cavities): An infectious disease that results in de-mineralization and ultimately cavitation of the tooth surface if not controlled or remineralized. Dental decay may be either treated (filled) or untreated (unfilled).

Caries experience: The sum of filled and unfilled cavities, along with any missing teeth resulting from decay.

Early childhood caries (ECC): Dental decay of the primary teeth of infants and young children (aged 1 to 5 years) often characterized by rapid destruction.

Root caries: Dental decay that occurs on the root portion of a tooth. (In younger persons, root surfaces are usually covered by gum [gingival] tissue.)

Dentate: A condition characterized by having one or more natural teeth.

Edentulism/edentulous: A condition characterized by not having any natural teeth.

Endocarditis: Inflammation of the lining of the heart.

Fluoride: A compound of the element fluorine. Fluorine, the 13th most abundant element in nature, is used in a variety of ways to reduce dental decay.

Gingivitis: An inflammatory condition of the gum tissue, which can appear reddened and swollen and frequently bleeds easily.

Oral cavity: Mouth.

Oral health literacy: Based on the definition of health literacy, the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic oral and craniofacial health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.

Periodontal disease: A cluster of diseases caused by bacterial infections and resulting in inflammatory responses and chronic destruction of the soft tissues and bone that support the teeth. Periodontal disease is a broad term encompassing several diseases of the gums and tissues supporting the teeth.

Pharynx: Throat.

Sealants: Plastic coatings applied to the surfaces of teeth with developmental pits and grooves (primarily chewing surfaces) to protect the tooth surfaces from collecting food, debris, and bacteria that promote the development of dental decay.

Soft tissue lesion: An abnormality of the soft tissues of the oral cavity or pharynx.

Squamous cell carcinoma: A type of cancer that occurs in tissues that line major organs.

Xerostomia: A condition in which the mouth is dry because of a lack of saliva.

Related Objectives from Other Focus Areas

1. Access to Quality Health Services

  • 1-1. Persons with health insurance
  • 1-2. Health insurance coverage for clinical preventive services
  • 1-3. Counseling about health behaviors
  • 1-4. Source of ongoing care
  • 1-7. Core competencies in health provider training
  • 1-8. Racial and ethnic representation in health professions
  • 1-15. Long-term care services

2. Arthritis, Osteopororsis, and Chronic Back Conditions

  • 2-2. Activity limitations due to arthritis
  • 2-3. Personal care limitations
  • 2-7. Seeing a health care provider
  • 2-8. Arthritis education

3. Cancer

  • 3-1. Overall cancer deaths
  • 3-6. Oropharyngeal cancer deaths
  • 3-9. Sun exposure and skin cancer
  • 3-10. Provider counseling about cancer prevention
  • 3-14. Statewide cancer registries
  • 3-15. Cancer survival

5. Diabetes

  • 5-1. Diabetes education
  • 5-2. New cases of diabetes
  • 5-3. Overall cases of diagnosed diabetes
  • 5-4. Diagnosis of diabetes
  • 5-15. Annual dental examinations

6. Disability and Secondary Conditions

  • 6-13. Surveillance and health promotion programs

7. Educational and Community-Based Programs

  • 7-1. High school completion
  • 7-2. School health education
  • 7-3. Health-risk behavior information for college and university students
  • 7-4. School nurse-to-student ratio
  • 7-5. Worksite health promotion programs
  • 7-6. Participation in employer-sponsored health promotion activities
  • 7-7. Patient and family education
  • 7-11. Culturally appropriate and linguistically competent community health
    promotion programs
  • 7-12. Older adult participation in community health promotion activities

8.   Environmental Health

  • 8-5. Safe drinking water

11. Health Communication

  • 11-1. Households with Internet access
  • 11-2. Health literacy
  • 11-3. Research and evaluation of communication programs
  • 11-4. Quality of Internet health information sources
  • 11-6. Satisfaction with health care providers’ communication skills

12. Heart Disease and Stroke

  • 12-1. Coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths

14. Immunization and Infectious Diseases

  • 14-3. Hepatitis B in adults and high-risk groups
  • 14-9. Hepatitis C
  • 14-10. Identification of persons with chronic hepatitis C
  • 14-28. Hepatitis B vaccination among high-risk groups

15. Injury and Violence Prevention

  • 15-1. Nonfatal head injuries
  • 15-17. Nonfatal motor vehicle injuries
  • 15-19. Safety belts
  • 15-20. Child restraints
  • 15-21. Motorcycle helmet use
  • 15-23. Bicycle helmet use
  • 15-24. Bicycle helmet laws
  • 15-31. Injury protection in school sports

16. Maternal, Infant, and Child Health

  • 16-6. Prenatal care
  • 16-8. Very low birth weight infants born at level III hospitals
  • 16-10. Low birth weight and very low birth weight
  • 16-11. Preterm births
  • 16-16. Optimum folic acid levels
  • 16-19. Breastfeeding
  • 16-23. Service systems for children with special health care needs

17. Medical Product Safety

  • 17-3. Provider review of medications taken by patients
  • 17-4. Receipt of useful information about prescriptions from pharmacies
  • 17-5. Receipt of oral counseling about medications from prescribers and

18. Mental Health and Mental Disorders

  • 18-5. Eating disorder relapses

19. Nutrition and Overweight

  • 19-1. Healthy weight in adults
  • 19-2. Obesity in adults
  • 19-3. Overweight or obesity in children and adolescents
  • 19-5. Fruit intake
  • 19-6. Vegetable intake
  • 19-11. Calcium intake
  • 19-15. Meals and snacks at school
  • 19-16. Worksite promotion of nutrition education and weight management

20. Occupational Safety and Health

  • 20-2. Work-related injuries
  • 20-3. Overexertion or repetitive motion
  • 20-10. Needlestick injuries

22. Physical Activity and Fitness

  • 22-4. Muscular strength and endurance
  • 22-5. Flexibility

23. Public Health Infrastructure

  • 23-1. Public health employee access to the Internet
  • 23-2.Public access to information and surveillance data
  • 23-3. Use of geocoding in health data systems
  • 23-4. Data for all population groups
  • 23-6. National tracking of Healthy People 2010 objectives
  • 23-7. Timely release of data on objectives
  • 23-8. Competencies for public health workers
  • 23-9. Training in essential public health services
  • 23-10. Continuing education and training by public health agencies
  • 23-11. Performance standards for essential public health services
  • 23-12. Health improvement plans
  • 23.13. Access to public health laboratory services
  • 23-14. Access to epidemiology services
  • 23-16. Data on public health expenditures
  • 23-17. Population-based prevention research

25. Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • 25-5. Human papillomavirus infection

26. Substance Abuse

  • 26-12. Average annual alcohol consumption

27. Tobacco Use

  • 27-1. Adult tobacco use
  • 27-2. Adolescent tobacco use
  • 27-3. Initiation of tobacco use
  • 27-4. Age at first tobacco use
  • 27-5. Smoking cessation by adults
  • 27-7. Smoking cessation by adolescents
  • 27-8. Insurance coverage of cessation treatment
  • 27-11. Smoke-free and tobacco-free schools
  • 27-12. Worksite smoking policies
  • 27-14. Enforcement of illegal tobacco sales to minors laws
  • 27-15. Retail license suspension for sales to minors
  • 27-18. Tobacco control programs
  • 27-19. Preemptive tobacco control laws
  • 27-20. Tobacco product regulation
  • 27-21. Tobacco tax

From USDHHS. Healthy People 2010. Vol II. Chapter 21. Oral Health. 2nd ed. Washington DC: US Govt. Printing Office. 2000.


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This page last updated: February 26, 2014