1 Chen X, Gabitto M, Peng Y, Ryba NJ, et al. A gustotopic map of taste qualities in the mammalian brain. Science. 2011;333:1262-6.

2 Nguyen MQ, Ryba NJ. A smell that causes seizure. PLoS One. 2012;7:e41899.

3 Mishra SK, Hoon MA. The cells and circuitry for itch responses in mice. Science. 2013;340:968-71.

4 The Oral Cancer Foundation. 2014; .

5 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program. 2014;

6 Malamud D. Saliva as a diagnostic fluid. BMJ. 1992;305:207-208.

7 Miller CS, Foley JD, Bailey AL, Campell CL, et al. Current developments in salivary diagnostics. Biomark Med. 2010;4:171-189.

8 Weigum SE, Floriano PN, Redding SW, Yeh CK, et al. Nano-bio-chip sensor platform for examination of oral exfoliative cytology. Cancer Prev Res. 2010;3:518-28.

9 Amornphimoltham P, Masedunskas A, Weigert R. Intravital microscopy as a tool to study drug delivery in preclinical studies. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2011;63:119-28.

10 Small Business Research Funding Opportunities (SBIR and STTR). 2014;

11 Ryerson AB, Peters ES, Coughlin SS, Chen VW, et al. Burden of potentially human papillomavirus-associated cancers of the oropharynx and oral cavity in the US, 1998-2003. Cancer. 2008;113:2901-9.

12 HPV Vaccine Shown to Protect Against Oral Form of Infection. 2014; .

13Chaturvedi AK, Engels EA, Pfeiffer RM, Hernandez BY, et al. Human papillomavirus and rising oropharyngeal cancer incidence in the United States. J Clin Oncol. 2011;29:4294-301.

14 Beachler DC, Weber KM, Margolick JB, Strickler HD, et al. Risk factors for oral HPV infection among a high prevalence population of HIV-positive and at-risk HIV negative adults. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012;21:122-33.

15 Gillison ML, Broutian T, Pickard RK, Tong ZY, et al. Prevalence of oral HPV infection in the United States, 2009-2010. JAMA. 2012;307:693-703.

16 Approved Products – Gardasil. 2014; Vaccines/ApprovedProducts/UCM094042.

17 Herrero R, Quint W, Hildesheim A, Gonzalez P, et al. Reduced prevalence of oral human papillomavirus (HPV) 4 years after bivalent HPV vaccination in a randomized clinical trial in Costa Rica. PLoS One. 2013;8:e68329.

18 NIH Common Fund. 2014;

19 BD2K:NIH Big Data to Knowledge. 2014;

20 Human Microbiome Project. 2014;

21 What are the key statistics about salivary gland cancer? 2014; cancer/salivaryglandcancer/detailedguide/salivary-gland-cancer-what-is-key-statistics.

22 Salivary Gland Tumor Biorepository. 2014;

23 HOMD: Human Oral Microbiome Database. 2014;

24 Wendell S, Wang X, Brown M, Cooper ME, et al. Taste genes associated with dental caries. J Dent Res. 2010;89:1198-202.

25 Ludwig KU, Mangold E, Herms S, Nowak S, et al. Genome-wide meta-analyses of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate identify six new risk loci. Nat Genet. 2012;44:968-71.

26 Beaty TH, Murray JC, Marazita ML, Munger RG, et al. A genome-wide association study of cleft lip with and without cleft palate identifies risk variants near MAFB and ABCA4. Nat Genet. 2010;42:525-9.

27 FaceBase. 2014;

28 Dewhirst FE, Chen T, Izard J, Paster BJ, et al. The human oral microbiome. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:5002-17.

29 HOMD: Human Oral Microbiome Database. 2014;

30 For example, the U.S. Department of Veteran’s Affairs, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

31 Opportunities for Collaborative Research at the NIH Clinical Center (U01). 2014;

32 The National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. 2014;

33 2012 National Healthcare Quality Report. 2012;

34 Hispanic Community Health Study / Study of Latinos. 2014;

35 Daviglus ML, Talavera GA, Avilés-Santa ML, Allison M, et al. Prevalance of major cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular diseases among Hispanic/Latino individuals of diverse backgrounds in the United States. JAMA. 2012;308:1775-84.

36 Weigum SE, Floriano PN, Redding SW, Yeh CK, et al. Nano-bio-chip sensor platform for examination of oral exfoliative cytology. Cancer Prev Res. 2010;3:518-28.

37 Eke PI, Dye BA, Wei L, Thornton-Evans GO, et al. Prevalence of Periodontitis in Adults in the United States: 2009 and 2010. J Dent Res. 2012;91:914-20.

38 Glowacki AJ, Yoshizawa S, Jhunjhunwala S, Vieira AE, et al. Prevention of inflammation-mediated bone loss in murine and canine periodontal disease via recruitment of regulatory lymphocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:18525-30.

39 Ji RR, Xu ZZ, Strichartz G, Serhan CN. Emerging roles of resolvins in the resolution of inflammation and pain. Trends Neurosci. 2011;34:599-609.

40 Gao L, Faibish D, Fredman G, Herrera BS, et al. Resolvin E1 and chemokine-like receptor 1 mediate bone preservation. J Immunol. 2013;190:689-94.

41 Kaigler D, Pagni G, Park CH, et al. Stem Cell Therapy for Craniofacial Bone Regeneration: A Randomized, Controlled, Feasibility Trial. Cell Transplant. 2013;22(5):767-77.

42 Warnecke RB, Oh A, Breen N, Gehlert S, et al. Approaching health disparities from a population perspective: the National Institutes of Health Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities. Am J Public Health. 2008;98:1608-15.

43 Federally Qualified Health Center - Fact Sheet. 2014; Outreach-and-Education/Medicare-Learning-Network-MLN/MLNProducts/downloads/ fqhcfactsheet.pdf.

44 Sheiham A, Watt RG. The common risk factor approach: a rational basis for promoting oral health. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2000;28:399-406.

45 Fisher-Owens SA, Gansky SA, Platt LJ, Weintraub JA, et al. Influences on children’s oral health: a conceptual model. Pediatrics. 2007;120:e510-20.

46 NIH Pain Consortium. 2014;

47 Relieving Pain in America: A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research - Institute of Medicine. 2011;

48 Slade GD, Fillingim RB, Sanders AE, Bair E, et al. Summary of Findings From the OPPERA Prospective Cohort Study of Incidence of First-Onset Temporomandibular Disorder: Implications and Future Directions. J Pain. 2013;14(12 Suppl):T116-24.

49 Dworkin SF. The OPPERA Study: Act Two. J Pain. 2013;14(12 Suppl):T1.

50 Announcement: NIDCR Supplement to the Journal of Public Health Dentistry on Behavioral and Social Intervention Research Essentials. 2014;

51 Mossey, P. A., & Little, J. (2002). Epidemiology of oral clefts: an international perspective. In D. F. Wyszynski (Ed.), Cleft lip and palate: from origin to treatment (pp. 127-144). New York: Oxford University Press.

52 Study Provides New Leads into Genetics of Cleft Lip and/or Palate. 2010. NIDCR.

53 Residency in Dental Public Health. 2014;

54 Careers & Training. 2014;

55 NIH Advisory Committee to the Director – Biomedical Workforce. 2014;

56 NIH Pathway to Independence Award (Parent K99/R00) (PA-11-197). 2014;

57 NIH Director’s Early Independence Awards (DP5). 2014; grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-RM-11-007.html.

58 US Funding only. Research: DP5, R, P, U, excludes R25, R90; Research Training and Career Development: D43, DP7, F, K, T, R25, R90. Dental schools include University of Rochester and Forsyth Institute.

59 Dental Practice-Based Research Network. 2014;

60 Map generated by Evaluation and Assessment Unit, Center for the Study of Community Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham.

61 Short-term Mentored Career Enhancement Award in Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Research for Mid-Career and Senior Investigators (K18): guide/pa-files/PAR-14-039.html.

62 NIH Director’s New Innovator Award. 2014; newinnovator/index.

63 NIH Director’s Pioneer Award Program. 2014;

64 High-Risk Research – NIH Director’s Transformative Research Awards. 2014;

65 NIH Common Fund – Strengthening the Biomedical Research Workforce. 2014;

Photo Credits

Page Number   Title
p. 13    Courtesy of Dr. Kenneth Yamada
An embryonic mouse salivary gland undergoing branching morphogenesis with myosin IIA expression (blue) and the basement membrane component collagen IV (red).
p. 14    Courtesy of Dr. Gary Borisy
The Forsyth Institute
A sample of human dental plaque probed by combinatorial labeling and spectral imaging fluorescent in situ hybridization (CLASI-FISH). Shown is Streptococcus (pink) adhering to filaments of Corynebacterium (green).
p. 35    Courtesy of Dr. Maegherita Fontana
University of Michigan School of Dentistry
p. 36    Courtesy of Dr. Jessica Lee
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

All other photos were taken at the NIDCR in Bethesda, Md., or obtained from stock photo libraries for use in this document.

Last Reviewed
July 2018