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References

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30 For example, the U.S. Department of Veteran’s Affairs, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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50 Dworkin SF. The OPPERA Study: Act Two. J Pain. 2013;14(12 Suppl):T1.

51 Announcement: NIDCR Supplement to the Journal of Public Health Dentistry on Behavioral and Social Intervention Research Essentials. 2014; http://www.nidcr. nih.gov/NewsAndFeatures/Announcements/NIDCRSupplement.htm.

52 Mossey, P. A., & Little, J. (2002). Epidemiology of oral clefts: an international perspective. In D. F. Wyszynski (Ed.), Cleft lip and palate: from origin to treatment (pp. 127-144). New York: Oxford University Press.

53 Study Provides New Leads into Genetics of Cleft Lip and/or Palate. 2010; http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/Research/ResearchResults/NewsReleases/ ArchivedNewsReleases/NewsReleases2010/Cleft.htm.

54 Residency in Dental Public Health. 2014; http://www.nidcr.nih. gov/CareersAndTraining/Fellowships/DentistsandPhysicians/ResidencyDentalPublicHealth/.

55 Careers & Training. 2014; http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/careersandtraining/

56 NIH Advisory Committee to the Director – Biomedical Workforce. 2014; http://acd.od.nih.gov/bwf.htm.

57 NIH Pathway to Independence Award (Parent K99/R00) (PA-11-197). 2014; http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/contacts/parent_K99_R00.html.

58 NIH Director’s Early Independence Awards (DP5). 2014; http://grants.nih.gov/ grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-RM-11-007.html.

59 US Funding only. Research: DP5, R, P, U, excludes R25, R90; Research Training and Career Development: D43, DP7, F, K, T, R25, R90. Dental schools include University of Rochester and Forsyth Institute.

60 Dental Practice-Based Research Network. 2014; http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/Research/DER/ClinicalResearch/ DentalPracticeBasedResearchNetwork/default.htm.

61 Map generated by Evaluation and Assessment Unit, Center for the Study of Community Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham.

62 Short-term Mentored Career Enhancement Award in Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Research for Mid-Career and Senior Investigators (K18): http://grants.nih.gov/grants/ guide/pa-files/PAR-14-039.html.

63 NIH Director’s New Innovator Award. 2014; https://commonfund.nih.gov/ newinnovator/index.

64 NIH Director’s Pioneer Award Program. 2014; http://commonfund.nih.gov/pioneer/index.

65 High-Risk Research – NIH Director’s Transformative Research Awards. 2014; http://commonfund.nih.gov/TRA.

66 NIH Common Fund – Strengthening the Biomedical Research Workforce. 2014; http://commonfund.nih.gov/workforce/index.

Photo Credits

p. 13    Courtesy of Dr. Kenneth Yamada
NIDCR, NIH
An embryonic mouse salivary gland undergoing branching morphogenesis with myosin IIA expression (blue) and the basement membrane component collagen IV (red).
p. 14    Courtesy of Dr. Gary Borisy
The Forsyth Institute
A sample of human dental plaque probed by combinatorial labeling and spectral imaging fluorescent in situ hybridization (CLASI-FISH). Shown is Streptococcus (pink) adhering to filaments of Corynebacterium (green).
p. 35    Courtesy of Dr. Maegherita Fontana
University of Michigan School of Dentistry
p. 36    Courtesy of Dr. Jessica Lee
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


All other photos were taken at the NIDCR in Bethesda, Md., or obtained from stock photo libraries for use in this document.
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This page last updated: July 29, 2014